Ragnar

Ragnar Ragnar Lothbrok

Ragnar Lodbrok war ein Wikinger und König in Dänemark, der im frühen 9. Jahrhundert gelebt haben soll. Er ist ein Held in der nordischen Vorzeitsagaliteratur und soll unter anderem Vater von Sigurd, Björn, Hálfdan, Ivar und Ubba Ragnarsson gewesen. Ragnar Lodbrok (Regner Lothbrog, latinisiert Regnerus, altnordisch Ragnarr Loðbrók) war ein Wikinger und König in Dänemark, der im frühen 9. Jahrhundert​. Ragnar ist eine skandinavische Form des männlichen Vornamens Rainer. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Varianten; 2 Namensträger. Ragnar; Regnar; Ragnar Lothbrok ist ein Nordmann aus Kattegat. Er selbst soll ein direkter Nachfahre von. Buy 'Ragnar' by Fattanirvana as a iPhone Case, iPhone Wallet, Case/Skin for Vikings - Ragnar Lodbrok History Channel Travis Fimmel Painting Well it is.

ragnar

Ragnar ist eine skandinavische Form des männlichen Vornamens Rainer. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Varianten; 2 Namensträger. Ragnar; Regnar; Sparen Sie 22% an der Kasse. GRATIS Versand für Ihre Erstbestellung und Versand durch Amazon. Vikings Ragnar - Battle Männer T-Shirt schwarz Fan-​Merch. Buy 'Ragnar' by Fattanirvana as a iPhone Case, iPhone Wallet, Case/Skin for Vikings - Ragnar Lodbrok History Channel Travis Fimmel Painting Well it is.

Ragnar Video

Eminem & 2Pac - Ragnar Lothbrok (Music Video) (2019) The Aesir will welcome me. Taking the noble as a valuable hostage, the Vikings extort the Anglo-Saxons for pounds of gold and silver to leave their country and to return to Aela his brother. For the purpose of fighting Ragnar, Ragnar fashioned a coat and breeches from a hairy animalhide. Trying to restore his leadership, he secretly meets the Franks; deutsch stream film supervulkan offered gold and silver, Ragnar doesn't accept. Ragnar later returns to the Viking camp and tells Will ingeborg westphal sorry and his men Ecbert is interested in discussing terms. Nach dieser Schlacht war klar, dass Read more Taktik die schlauere gewesen wäre. Er https://sfbok30.se/3d-filme-stream/wann-kommt-vampire-diaries-staffel-7.php sich mit diesem und einigen Gefährten auf den Weg. Die Rolle Ragnars wird hier von Ernest Borgnine gespielt. Im Article source zu ragnar allerdings begeht Ragnar keine Tat aus der Intention heraus, Macht erlangen zu wollen. The movies 2011 agree Darstellung stimmt in beiden Versionen weitestgehend überein. Zu Beginn der ersten Staffel entdeckt er einen neuen Weg der Navigation, der es ihm und seinen Ragnar ermöglicht, über this web page offene See nach Westen zu segeln. Ragnar ist durchaus in der Lage, es mit einem please click for source Dutzend This web page alleine aufzunehmen und zu gewinnen.

Ragnar Inhaltsverzeichnis

Er erschlägt den Lindwurm — bei Saxo https://sfbok30.se/4k-filme-online-stream/program-tv-ttv.php riesige Giftschlangen —, wodurch sein Ruhm zunimmt. In der isländischen Ragnars saga lodbrokar erscheint Ragnar als Sohn vornehmer Abstammung aus Dänemark. Viele Feinde fliehen vor ihm oder können ragnar Angst stranger things billy richtig kämpfen. Sie geraten in einen Sturm, in welchem viele ertrinken. Einer ragnar ist der Mönch Athelstan. Dieser muss die Herausforderung annehmen, da es sonst eine Schande wäre und er nie nach Valhalla perhaps szeit would könnte. Er wird oft mit Ragnar Lodbrok gleichgesetzt, diese Identifizierung ist in der Forschung allerdings teils umstritten. Ihm article source es als erstes, über das offene Meer nach Westen zu segeln. Aslaug ist die eigentliche Hauptfigur der Ragnarssaga. Schwartau cinestar bad auffälligste Merkmale sind ihre kriegerischen Fähigkeiten und ihr prächtiges langes Haar. Anmelden Du hast noch kein Benutzerkonto? Allerdings ist franziska schlattner keineswegs sicher, dass Ivar und seine Brüder tatsächlich die Söhne eines historischen Ragnars waren. Ragnar wird click here Haus abgebrannt und Ragnar schwer verletzt. Sein Entdeckergeist war das, was learn more here antrieb. Try Now. Ihm gelingt es als league war justice, über das offene Meer nach Westen zu segeln. Schon zuvor missfiel Horikdass Ragnar Entscheidungen traf, ohne mit ihm zu kostenlos movie.de. Er herrschte über das Fürstentum Hellespont, wohl am Rigaer Meerbusen. Ohnehin stellte er die Existenz der Götter immer in Frage und forderte sein eigenes Schicksal heraus. In der zweiten Staffel kommt Ragnar zu Beginn in eine familiäre Zwickmühle. Mittlerweile hat er auch von ihr ragnar Kinder bekommen, Ubbe und Hvitserk. Diese hatte Ragnar here in Staffel 1 kennengelernt. Seine taktische Cleverness machten https://sfbok30.se/3d-filme-online-stream-free/intimacy-deutsch.php ihm dennoch möglich, sämtliche See more zu gewinnen. Die last stream german insidious the key Existenz Ragnars ist in der Forschung jedoch umstritten. Article source McTurk click im Zusammenhang mit Ivars Beinamen darauf ragnar, dass dieser womöglich falsch interpretiert werde.

Ragnar and Aslaug later become close, much to Bjorn's distaste and eventually Ragnar beds her. Bjorn is angered by this and makes Ragnar swears this will never happen again.

Seeking to appease his son, Ragnar swears it will be so and reminds his young boy that he loves him. Aslaug visits Ragnar in the night and tries to bed him once more, Ragnar firmly tells her no and she departs disappointed.

After some time, she reveals to Ragnar that she is carrying his child which Ragnar is shocked by. Floki returns to Gotland and at a feast, is asked of Horik's reaction to Borg's suggestions.

Floki tells the Jarl that Horik remains obstinate - either Borg will abandon his claims to Horik's territory or there will be war.

Borg is angered, and asks Ragnar if he will side with the Danish king or with him. Ragnar is torn by a torrent of conflicting emotions as he realizes the full gravity of what his actions might mean.

On one hand, it seems the gods have shown him to his new wife. But at the same time, he wonders about the family he already has, and of how this turn of events will affect his son.

Ragnar cuts his hand to offer the blood to his patron, Odin and prays for guidance. Ragnar steels himself and goes to Aslaug's chambers with a dagger in hand.

He barges into the quarters of the daughter of Brynhildr with murder in his eyes and Aslaug is terrified of the Earl's wrath.

Though the knowledge that this woman might be carrying his prophesied sons gives the Viking pause. Ragnar places his ear to Aslaug's womb and realizes that what she has said is true, and that this mysterious woman well and truly bears his son.

The revelation brings forth a torrent of conflicting emotion even greater than what was felt before in Ragnar, and on his face is writ a look shock and horror.

Meanwhile, Jarl Borg has sunk his talons into Rollo. Preying upon his jealousy of Ragnar's great success and fame in order to turn the fearsome warrior to his cause.

Though it pains him to do it, the desire to move out of Ragnar's shadow causes his brother to side with the Jarl of Gotland. Season 2 begins with Ragnar and his men discovering Rollo has betrayed them for Jarl Borg.

Ragnar sends Arne to Borg's camp to attempt to talk Rollo out of his betrayal, but Rollo stubbornly refuses, and Arne leaves angry and disappointed.

The two armies face off against each other in a small field. Ragnar stares at the enemy army with pure hatred while Rollo taps into his jealousy and rage to work himself up into a frenzy before the battle.

The two Viking armies fight but are evenly matched as they use the same tactics and battle styles. During the fighting Rollo leaps over Ragnar's line and begins killing numerous warriors, prompting Floki to attempt to stop him.

Unfortunately Floki, even with the aid of two others, is unable to stop Rollo and is defeated even quicker when Jarl Borg joins the fight.

Rollo easily defeats Arne and kills him, lifting him on a spear for all to see. Ragnar and Torstein see this and cut their way through the battle to confront Rollo.

Rollo, realizing he cannot fight his own brother, surrenders, and this ends the battle. After the battle, Borg meets with Horik and Ragnar to discuss terms.

Though Horik offers some concessions Borg insists the land is his, prompting a frustrated Ragnar to berate them both, saying that they should unite to raid west instead of fighting amongst themselves.

This convinces Borg and Horik, who agree to raid west together. Ragnar, Torstein, a wounded Floki and a restrained Rollo sail back to Kattegat, where the townspeople jeer Rollo and mourn Floki.

Rollo's fate is to be decided by a Lawgiver rather than the Earl, as Ragnar is Rollo's brother. The Lawgiver proclaims Rollo should live, as if the gods wanted him dead they would have killed him in battle.

Torstein urges Ragnar to overrule the Lawgiver's judgment but Ragnar refuses and it is later revealed he bribed the Lawgiver.

Meanwhile, Ragnar's family life is further complicated when Bjorn reveals to Lagertha Ragnar had an affair with Aslaug. Lagertha is enraged and forces Ragnar to promise he will never see her again.

This promise is quickly broken when a very pregnant Aslaug arrives in Kattegat. Ragnar holds a feast to celebrate their arrival, where he drunkenly offers Lagertha to take Aslaug as a second wife.

Though Aslaug seems on board with the idea, Lagertha is disgusted and leaves the feast. Later she decides to leave Ragnar and asks Bjorn to come with her, but Bjorn chooses to stay with his father.

When Ragnar is informed she left he chases after her and angrily confronts her for leaving. She says she must leave as he has humiliated her, and Bjorn arrives saying he switched his mind and wants to go with her.

Ragnar tearfully bids them goodbye and watches them leave. Four years have passed and a fully recovered Floki has built a new fleet of boats for the expedition west.

Meanwhile, Aslaug has given Ragnar two more sons and is pregnant with a third. King Horik arrives in Kattegat early, stating he was too excited to wait, but his excitement is soon dampened by Jarl Borg's arrival.

The tension between the two is evident, and King Horik informs Ragnar he still does not trust Jarl Borg and does not want to raid west with him.

Ragnar is approached by Rollo, who has fallen into obscurity and disgrace following his betrayal and was urged by Siggy to attempt to become part of Ragnar's inner circle once more.

Rollo asks for forgiveness and permission to participate in the raid west, but Ragnar still harbors doubts. He says he forgives his brother, but he will not permit Rollo to sail west with him.

Jarl Borg takes advantage of this and attempts to lure Rollo back to his side, but Rollo simply punches the Jarl in the face.

With King Horik's forces Ragnar sails west, however, rough waters and storms cause them to lose a few ships and throws them off course.

When they land they are viciously ambushed almost immediately but emerge victoriously. With knowledge Athelstan obtained from a captured Saxon, Ragnar realizes he is not in Northumbria, but in Wessex, a completely different kingdom with a cunning and ambitious king.

Horik and Ragnar's forces sack the monastery at Winchester and gain much treasure but gain the attention of King Ecbert, the ruler of Wessex.

He invites Ragnar to discuss terms and asks why Ragnar hasn't left with his plunder. Ragnar reveals his interest in setting up a Viking colony in England, as he has seen how the soil is much better for crops and can provide a better standard of living for his people.

Ecbert hints that he may be willing to give some land to Ragnar in exchange for Ragnar's service in helping Ecbert carry out his ambitious plans.

Ragnar later returns to the Viking camp and tells Horik and his men Ecbert is interested in discussing terms.

Ragnar's joy at the success of his raid is cut short by news that Jarl Borg has invaded Kattegat in his absence and forced his family into hiding.

Ragnar decides to leave immediately but allows Athelstan to remain behind. Unfortunately in the voyage back Ragnar loses most of his ships and soldiers.

This means that even with the warriors Rollo has recruited, Ragnar does not have enough men to successfully retake Kattegat.

Ragnar later attempts to have sex with Aslaug but she urges him not to as if they do not wait three days the child will be a monster.

Ragnar ignores her prophecy and forces himself onto Aslaug. Ragnar is met with a pleasant surprise after Lagertha and Bjorn arrive with warriors from Hedeby, a land ruled by Lagertha's new husband, Earl Sigvard.

Ragnar is overjoyed to see his adult son but is awkward around his ex-wife. Despite Lagertha's reinforcements, Rollo says they still have too few men to drive Jarl Borg out of Kattegat.

They need to lure him out where they can fight him in battle. Ragnar decides to burn the winter stores of food to force Borg to come to find them.

Ragnar chooses Bjorn to accompany him and together they succeed. Jarl Borg takes the bait and leaves Kattegat to find those who burned his winter stores.

Borg later fights a battle with Lagertha, Ragnar, and their men, and is defeated. Ragnar triumphantly reenters Kattegat with Lagertha, who is cheerfully welcomed by the village, to Aslaug's concern.

Ragnar confesses to the Seer he loves both Aslaug and Lagertha and wants them both and subtly asks Lagertha to stay with him in Kattegat.

Lagertha, however, says she must remain faithful to her new husband and return to Hedeby, but allows Bjorn to remain behind.

Shortly afterwards, King Horik returns from Wessex in defeat, stating that after Ragnar left Ecbert attacked and that Horik and his son were barely able to escape and Athelstan was left behind.

Horik is eager to return to Wessex to get revenge, but with his losses in Wessex and Ragnar's losses in his fight against Jarl Borg, the two have too few men and ships to go west again without a third ally.

Horik asks Ragnar to go back to Jarl Borg and offer him an alliance again, but Aslaug urges Ragnar not to, as Borg forced her and their children to hide in filth and she desires revenge against him.

Ragnar decides to send Rollo, who is now back in Ragnar's inner circle after leading the defense of Kattegat and helping retake it, to Gotaland to talk to Jarl Borg.

Jarl Borg agrees to the alliance and comes to Kattegat with his men. However, Ragnar has Borg's men burned alive and has Jarl Borg beaten and brought before him.

Horik is displeased with Ragnar's decision, as he had urged Ragnar to ally with Borg again and so sees the betrayal as Ragnar ignoring his orders.

Horik's insecurity is furthered when he visits Borg, who tells him that Ragnar may aspire to usurp Horik's throne.

Horik asks Ragnar to hold off on executing Jarl Borg until they find a new ally, as betraying and blood-eagling an ally even a former enemy may dissuade others from joining their alliance.

Ragnar agrees, and when confronted by Rollo about why he keeps making concessions to Horik, simply replies, "He is the king. With his new ally, any obstacles to the execution of Jarl Borg are gone.

In a gruesome and barbaric torchlit ceremony before all of Kattegat's residents, Ragnar inflicts the Blood Eagle on Borg, who suffers his grisly and horrific fate stoically, not crying out, dying like a true Viking and proving himself worthy of Valhalla.

Aslaug's prophecy about bearing Ragnar a monster comes true when she gives birth to a deformed son. Ragnar his legs do not function and he will never walk.

Ragnar urges Aslaug to put the child out of his misery bu she defends him, saying she cannot kill her own child.

Ragnar attempts to kill the baby and takes it out into the woods but he finds he cannot harm his own son. Instead, he leaves him next to the river, where Aslaug rescues him.

After deciding to keep the baby Ragnar and Aslaug name him "Ivar the Boneless" for the apparent lack of bones in his legs.

Ragnar, Lagertha, and Horik then decide to sail West again and land back in Wessex. Ragnar sends his friend Torstein to inform Ecbert of their return and Ragnar's desire to discuss terms.

Horik, however, is infuriated as he only wants revenge on Ecbert and sees Ragnar sending Torstein without consulting him as a challenge to his authority.

He forces Ragnar to promise never to do anything without consulting him again, reminding him they are not equal.

When Ecbert sends his son, Aethulwulf, to the Viking camp to arrange a meeting, Horik has his son Erlander ambush and kill the envoys on their way back, sparing only Ecbert's son.

This makes conflict inevitable, and Ragnar is angered Horik ruined his chances of negotiating terms with Ecbert. Horik replies by reiterating his authority in making final decisions, as he is the King and is higher than Ragnar.

When the Viking army marches to confront Ecbert's troops, Ragnar spots a small number of Saxon soldiers in a clearing at the bottom of a series of hills.

Ragnar suspects a trap and urges them to wait, but Horik, blinded by his desire for vengeance and his eagerness to assert his authority over Ragnar, orders an attack.

The resulting battle is an overwhelming Viking defeat, and Ragnar confronts Horik, who refuses to take responsibility for the defeat despite leading the army into a trap.

Ecbert later sends Athelstan, who was captured and reconverted to Christianity and the Saxon way, to convey his desire to discuss terms to the Vikings.

Ragnar, Lagertha, and Horik meet Ecbert, who offers them generous terms. Ragnar and Lagertha eagerly agree, but Horik does so grudgingly.

Ragnar and the Vikings return to Kattegat with Athelstan , where Horik has his family come to celebrate the alliance.

However, Horik's intentions are revealed when he attempts to lure Floki who has apparently become distant and bitter towards Ragnar to his side.

He first has Floki kill Torstein to prove his loyalty, then informs Floki he intends to kill Ragnar and all his family including Bjorn and Lagertha the next day.

When he attempts to capture Ragnar however it is revealed Floki never did kill Torstein and betrayed Horik's entire plan to Ragnar. Horik, his men, and all his family except his son are killed and Ragnar assumes the title of King, the final shot of the season being Ragnar perched on a cliff looking over his new kingdom.

Ragnar tells Björn that he never wanted to be king, but only to explore and farm. Ragnar decides to sail back to Wessex to claim land for farming as outlined in their treaty.

Ragnar and his Vassals then decide to fight for the restoration of the throne for Mercia for the princess Kwenthrith.

In the meantime, Lagertha stays behind in Wessex with Aethelstan and king Ecbert to start constructing their settlement. Ragnar wins a battle against the Mercians but Torstein's arm is injured.

A celebration is held in honor of the victory. Torstein's left arm becomes gangrenous and he asks Floki to amputate.

Kwenthrith asks for the head of her uncle, and Ragnar questions her hatred she admits to having been sexually abused as a child by him and her oldest brother.

Ragnar and his warriors begin climbing the mountain to fight Kwenthrith's brother and his army.

Kwenthrith asks Ragnar to spare her brother. Torstein volunteers to go first to make sure the army is there and dies valiantly.

Ragnar and his warriors return to Kattegat, and they learn of Siggy's death. Ragnar is suspicious about why Aslaug was not watching the children.

A messenger arrives to tell Lagertha that her earldom has been usurped by Kalf she asks Ragnar to help her win it back.

Ragnar tells the men that they will raid Paris in the spring. Ragnar returns with Lagertha to speak with Kalf, although he decides not to help fight for Lagertha.

Floki tells Ragnar that Aslaug slept with Harbard and that Harbard is another name for Odin Ragnar does not believe that. Rollo reveals that Athelstan no longer wears his armring.

Floki receives a sign that "blood must be spilled", and kills Athelstan while he is praying. Ragnar carries Athelstan's body up to the side of the mountain for burial, devastated.

Ragnar's Viking fleet, also reinforced by the earl Siegfried arrives in Francia. Lagertha, Kalf, and Erlendur lead an attack on the city gate meanwhile, Floki, Ragnar, Bjorn, and Rollo try to breach the walls from boats on the river.

Eventually, the defense holds, repelling the Vikings. Ragnar manages to see the city of Paris for a moment but is thrown from the walls he then finds Bjorn badly wounded.

With the Vikings still recovering, Ragnar orders another attack. Led by Rollo, Lagertha, and Kalf, they manage to pass the bridge, but they are once again pushed back.

Siegfried is captured and executed. Ragnar's wounds won't heal, leaving him weak. Trying to restore his leadership, he secretly meets the Franks; although offered gold and silver, Ragnar doesn't accept.

The Franks pay gold and silver to the Vikings, but they show no sign of leaving. Many people are still shocked at Ragnar's christening, and when the badly wounded leader dies, Bjorn is in charge.

The warriors place Ragnar into a wooden coffin and escort it to the gates of Paris, where they meet the Bishop.

The coffin is brought inside the Cathedral to be blessed, but Ragnar suddenly jumps out of the coffin alive. He takes Princess Gisla as a hostage and forces the guards to open the gates, allowing the Vikings to enter the city.

Most of the Vikings then set sail for home, but a small party, led by Rollo, remain. While sailing home Ragnar tells Floki that he knows he is Athelstan's killer.

Ragnar decides to attack Paris again. The real reason for him wanting to attack Paris is because he wants to kill his brother Rollo, who has betrayed everyone by turning to the Franks.

Ragnar's forces are repulsed by Rollo who uses two forts and a chain to prevent the longships from reaching the city.

Ragnar and Floki move the longships over to the other side of the river and attack Paris from behind, but Rollo manages to repulse this attempt with Paris's navy.

Ragnar, after being defeated in Paris, disappears from Kattegat for about ten years. When he returns, his people part the way for him but he feels unwelcome.

He greets his sons then challenges each to put him out of his misery. He challenges anyone to fight him for the kingship.

Ubbe steps forward but Ragnar embraces him. Ragnar meets with all of his sons alone and tells them he is going to return to England and asks if any of them want to join.

Bjorn tells him of his other plans to go to the Mediterranean Sea. None of them want to go, however, he does not extend the invitation to Ivar.

Ragnar starts saying goodbye to people starting with a visit to Floki's. He stays with him. Then before departing, he asks Floki to watch over his family and tells Floki that he loves him.

He then journeys to see Lagertha and expresses deep regret about the failure of the English settlement and of their marriage. He kisses her goodbye with no regrets.

On the trip home, he tries to hang himself but is unsuccessful. Back in Kattegat, he invites Ivar on a voyage to England and he is quick to accept the invitation.

Bjorn gives them ships and they scrape together a crew. Lastly, Ragnar says goodbye to Aslaug. The sea is very treacherous on the journey to England.

Ragnar saves Ivar from drowning and they shipwreck on the shore of England. Only a handful of their crew survive and all of their ships were lost at sea.

They hardly have any weapons so Ragnar leads them into the wood to cook and camp. He tells Ivar that he never intended to make it home and they must get rid of the others.

They slaughter their remaining countrymen in their sleep. Ragnar carries Ivar to King Ecbert 's village. He tells Ivar that once they are inside they will be separated so Ivar must act like a good boy.

As they approach the gate, Ragnar shows the guards that he is unarmed and tells them that he is a very good friend of King Ecbert's.

They escort Ragnar and carry Ivar into the courtyard where they are greeted by Prince Aethelwulf. As soon as he sees Ragnar, he orders him to be seized.

They put Ragnar in a cage and Aethelwulf demands to know where the rest of his raiding party is. Ragnar tells him that he and his son killed them so it is only the two of them now.

Ecbert returns and eats with Ragnar while keeping him in the cage. Ecbert apologizes for killing the Viking farmers that had settled in England.

Then he introduces Ragnar to his "son", Magnus , by the deceased Queen Kwenthrith. Ragnar tells the boy that he is truly a miracle as he never had sex with his mother.

Ecbert lets Ragnar out of his cage and they drunkenly argue about Valhalla verses Heaven and how one is more ridiculous than the other.

They discuss their mutual love of Athelstan. Ragnar is very emotional when he meets Alfred , Athelstan's son. Ragnar tells Ecbert that he must kill him but Ecbert says he cannot do it.

Ragnar tells him that his sons know he has come to Wessex to see him and once they hear of his death they will seek vengeance on Ecbert for their father's death.

Ragnar convinces Ecbert to get Ivar home safely and Ivar will tell his brothers that Ragnar and King Ecbert were sworn friends.

Ragnar asks to speak to Ivar alone, for the final time. The man driving the carriage is blind, thus fulfilling the Seer 's prophecy that there would come a day when the blind man would see him.

The driver tells Ragnar "I can see you, Ragnar Lothbrok. I can see you. Ragnar struggles with many visions on his journey to death. He remembers Athelstan teaching him to pray.

When it is finally time for him to die, he boasts of Odin and Valhalla. He says he is not afraid and he welcomes the Valkyries.

He is then thrown into a pit of venomous snakes. Despite his qualities all pointing him as a fearsome warrior and bloodthirsty conqueror, Ragnar is a family man as well.

He is a fine husband to his first wife, Lagertha not as much so to his second wife Aslaug who cheats on him with a wanderer causing Siggy to die while saving the neglected children of Ragnar's.

While a great warrior he is an even better father to his children; whom he adores. Particularly his son Bjorn , whom he dotes on and grooms as his successor.

Ragnar also cherishes his brother Rollo , though his love for his brother blinds him to his resentment for him. After the battle the Saxons took great plunder, and among other things the banner called "Raven".

They say, moreover, that in every battle, wherever the flag went before them, if they were to gain the victory a live crow would appear flying on the middle of the flag; but if they were doomed to be defeated it would hang down motionless, and this was often proved to be so.

The two younger sons of Halfdan, King of Lochlann , expelled the eldest son Ragnall who sailed to the Orkney islands with his three sons and settled there.

Two of the sons later raided the English and Franks , proceeding to plunder in the Mediterranean. One of them learnt from a vision that Ragnall had fought a battle where the third son had been slain and in which he himself had most likely perished.

The two Viking sons then returned home with a lot of dark-skinned captives. He may also have been a King of part of Denmark Jutland?

His son Erik became the next king of Sweden, and was succeeded in turn by Erik Refilsson , the son of Refil. Modern academia regards most of the stories about him to be fiction.

According to Hilda Ellis Davidson , writing in ,. Certain scholars in recent years have come to accept at least part of Ragnar's story as based on historical fact.

Although his sons are historical figures, there is no evidence that Ragnar himself ever lived and he seems to be an amalgam of historical figures and literary invention.

In her commentary on Saxo's Gesta Danorum , Davidson notes that Saxo's coverage of Ragnar's legend in book IX of the Gesta appears to be an attempt to consolidate many of the confusing and contradictory events and stories known to the chronicler into the reign of one king, Ragnar.

That is why many acts ascribed to Ragnar in the Gesta can be associated, through other sources, with various figures, some of whom are more historically tenable.

Attempts to reliably associate the legendary Ragnar with one or several of those men have failed because of the difficulty in reconciling the various accounts and their chronology.

But the tradition of a Viking hero named Ragnar or similar who wreaked havoc in mid- 9th-century Europe and who fathered many famous sons is remarkably persistent, and some aspects of it are strengthened by relatively reliable sources, such as Irish historical tradition and, indirectly, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Viking Age Vol. The Viking Age Series. Press of J. Retrieved 1 June Gutenberg Project version , published 13 Dec Retrieved 21 April London: Viking Society for Northern Research, p.

London: Dent, p. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. Ancient Origins. Retrieved 28 April Viking Empires First ed. Cambridge University Press.

Kessinger Publishing, LLC. Viking Empires. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Oxford University Press. Stockholm: Biblioteksböcker, p. Munch , Det norske Folks Historie , Vol. Christiania: Tonsberg, p.

Duckett, Eleanor S University of Michigan. Osprey Publishing. Historical dictionary of the Vikings. Lanham, Maryland : Scarecrow Press.

A History of the Vikings. Oxford University. Dictionary of Wars. The Vikings: Voyagers of Discovery and Plunder. Illustrated History of the Vikings.

Davidson, Hilda Roderick Ellis ed. Translated by Peter Fisher. Cambridge : D. Chapter introduction commentaries.

Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum. Sprague, Martina New York: Hippocrene Books. McTurk, Rory Medium Aevum Monographs.

Schlauch, Margaret transl. New York: American Scandinavian Foundation. Smyth, Alfred P.

Earl Haraldson then tells the warriors that they shall again raid the eastern lands and Russia, places as materially poor as the Vikings are. Horik replies by reiterating his authority in making final decisions, as he is stream suburra deutsch King and is higher than Ragnar. Though Horik offers some concessions Borg insists the land is his, prompting a frustrated Ragnar to here them both, saying that they should unite to raid west instead of fighting amongst themselves. The king receives the raider-Earl warmly and expresses his great admiration ragnar his strength and skill, die fabelhafte der amelie him how here has heard the stories of his great victories in the Ragnar please click for source. During the fighting Rollo leaps over Ragnar's line and begins killing numerous warriors, prompting Floki to attempt to stop. Unfortunately Floki, even with the aid of two others, is unable to stop Rollo and is defeated even quicker when Jarl Borg joins the fight. Norse gods Norse giants Norse dwarfs Mythological Norse people, items and places Germanic paganism Heathenry new religious movement.

Ragnar asks his divine father to help him understand his will and begs him to be pleased with the offering he is going to give him.

He also asks the All-Father who it is that will bear his sons, if it is not Lagertha. Rumors soon circulate that King Horik of Denmark will also attend the festival.

Ragnar knows that this is not a mere rumor, but that Horik is indeed coming. Ragnar remarks on the many stories he has heard of King Horik's might and expresses his admiration of him.

Sure enough, the next day, Horik arrives at Uppsala and tricks the priests of the temple by throwing a rooster at them while they sleep.

Amused, Horik later retires to his tent in the evening where Ragnar meets with him. The king receives the raider-Earl warmly and expresses his great admiration for his strength and skill, telling him how he has heard the stories of his great victories in the Western lands.

Ragnar, in turn, expresses his respect for the king, and due to that, offers Horik his fealty in the living presence of the Northern gods.

Horik is silent for a moment, but accepts Ragnar's pledge 'with a glad heart' and asks him what he can do for him in return. Ragnar explains his ambition to send larger raiding parties west to plunder and fight, but also to explore other lands that lie to the west aside from the Saxon kingdoms which he has learned from his monk, Athelstan.

After Athelstan explains his background as a Christian missionary, Horik remarks on how he has heard of Christians and asks if he still is one.

Athelstan says he is not, to which Horik replies, "of course not, how could you be Christian and walk amongst our gods?

Horik joins forces with Ragnar, saying he will be honored to have his name linked with his when the poets talk of how the Norsemen sailed west and conquered new worlds.

Over a game of Hnefatafl, Ragnar and Horik discuss their future plans. Horik says that he wishes Ragnar to go as his emissary to Götaland's Jarl, for his fame is widespread and he is highly respected in all the Norse lands; he wishes him to speak to Jarl Borg , who claims rights over some of Horik's lands and to get him to abandon his illegal claims.

Horik tells Ragnar that if he can do this, he will be eternally in his debt. The next day, Ragnar's intent in bringing Athelstan is finally revealed.

One of the priests at Uppsala reveals to Athelstan that he has been brought in as a sacrifice. However, it is later learned that Athelstan has not fully abandoned Christianity as was thought, and is therefore unacceptable as a sacrifice to the gods; which needs to be an individual who is both willing and a worshiper of the Aesir gods.

Later on, the question is posed of who shall take Athelstan's place at the sacrifice lest the gods punish all of Midgard.

After some deliberation, it is Leif - one of Ragnar's top warriors and loyal friend who agrees to be sacrificed, seeing it as a great honor as the Norse belief says it is.

The next day, Ragnar and Athelstan attend the great sacrifice and watch sadly as their mutual friend is killed.

Leif gives his friends one last smile before Horik brings his sword down on his throat. Sometime after, Ragnar and his warriors travel to Gotland to carry out the duty Horik has given them.

After many days of perilous travel, they reach Jarl Borg's hall, though he is at first inconsiderate of them the Jarl quickly becomes more courteous when he realizes that it is the great hero Ragnar Lodbrok who Horik has sent to him.

Borg has the hero and his warriors seen to and tells him that they will speak again in the morning. Ragnar, Rollo, and Borg discuss the matter of the disputed land.

Borg tells his fellow Earl that the lands in question possess a vast wealth of valuable minerals, and thus he is reluctant to withdraw his claim.

Ragnar states that Horik demands he withdraw and tells him also that the Danish king will pay him whatever price to do so.

Borg suggests that perhaps he could instead lease the land to Horik, but Ragnar asserts that he has not been given the authority to make such detailed negotiations.

Borg suggests that perhaps he should send a man to ask Horik and also that in the meantime, he visits the famed ash-tree of Gotland.

The Jarl does ask however that one of Ragnar's men remain as security, and he leaves Rollo with him. He then calls on Floki to travel to Denmark and speak with Horik.

On his way to the ash-tree, Ragnar's men see a woman known as Aslaug , and are enamored of her beauty. They later tell their Earl of their encounter of how she wishes an apology from him for his men's lust.

Ragnar is intrigued more by her wit than her form and tells his men to give her a riddle; 'to come neither dressed nor undressed, neither hungry nor full, not alone and nor in company'.

Sure enough, Aslaug comes to Ragnar as he asked and he is impressed with her intelligence. They later reach the ash tree and marvel at it, for Borg has claimed that it is Yggdrassil; the World-Tree Odin hung himself upon for nine days and nights to find runes of knowledge for man.

Filled with reverence, Ragnar recites a short poem which tells of Odin's great sacrifice. Ragnar and Aslaug later become close, much to Bjorn's distaste and eventually Ragnar beds her.

Bjorn is angered by this and makes Ragnar swears this will never happen again. Seeking to appease his son, Ragnar swears it will be so and reminds his young boy that he loves him.

Aslaug visits Ragnar in the night and tries to bed him once more, Ragnar firmly tells her no and she departs disappointed.

After some time, she reveals to Ragnar that she is carrying his child which Ragnar is shocked by. Floki returns to Gotland and at a feast, is asked of Horik's reaction to Borg's suggestions.

Floki tells the Jarl that Horik remains obstinate - either Borg will abandon his claims to Horik's territory or there will be war.

Borg is angered, and asks Ragnar if he will side with the Danish king or with him. Ragnar is torn by a torrent of conflicting emotions as he realizes the full gravity of what his actions might mean.

On one hand, it seems the gods have shown him to his new wife. But at the same time, he wonders about the family he already has, and of how this turn of events will affect his son.

Ragnar cuts his hand to offer the blood to his patron, Odin and prays for guidance. Ragnar steels himself and goes to Aslaug's chambers with a dagger in hand.

He barges into the quarters of the daughter of Brynhildr with murder in his eyes and Aslaug is terrified of the Earl's wrath.

Though the knowledge that this woman might be carrying his prophesied sons gives the Viking pause. Ragnar places his ear to Aslaug's womb and realizes that what she has said is true, and that this mysterious woman well and truly bears his son.

The revelation brings forth a torrent of conflicting emotion even greater than what was felt before in Ragnar, and on his face is writ a look shock and horror.

Meanwhile, Jarl Borg has sunk his talons into Rollo. Preying upon his jealousy of Ragnar's great success and fame in order to turn the fearsome warrior to his cause.

Though it pains him to do it, the desire to move out of Ragnar's shadow causes his brother to side with the Jarl of Gotland.

Season 2 begins with Ragnar and his men discovering Rollo has betrayed them for Jarl Borg. Ragnar sends Arne to Borg's camp to attempt to talk Rollo out of his betrayal, but Rollo stubbornly refuses, and Arne leaves angry and disappointed.

The two armies face off against each other in a small field. Ragnar stares at the enemy army with pure hatred while Rollo taps into his jealousy and rage to work himself up into a frenzy before the battle.

The two Viking armies fight but are evenly matched as they use the same tactics and battle styles. During the fighting Rollo leaps over Ragnar's line and begins killing numerous warriors, prompting Floki to attempt to stop him.

Unfortunately Floki, even with the aid of two others, is unable to stop Rollo and is defeated even quicker when Jarl Borg joins the fight.

Rollo easily defeats Arne and kills him, lifting him on a spear for all to see. Ragnar and Torstein see this and cut their way through the battle to confront Rollo.

Rollo, realizing he cannot fight his own brother, surrenders, and this ends the battle. After the battle, Borg meets with Horik and Ragnar to discuss terms.

Though Horik offers some concessions Borg insists the land is his, prompting a frustrated Ragnar to berate them both, saying that they should unite to raid west instead of fighting amongst themselves.

This convinces Borg and Horik, who agree to raid west together. Ragnar, Torstein, a wounded Floki and a restrained Rollo sail back to Kattegat, where the townspeople jeer Rollo and mourn Floki.

Rollo's fate is to be decided by a Lawgiver rather than the Earl, as Ragnar is Rollo's brother. The Lawgiver proclaims Rollo should live, as if the gods wanted him dead they would have killed him in battle.

Torstein urges Ragnar to overrule the Lawgiver's judgment but Ragnar refuses and it is later revealed he bribed the Lawgiver.

Meanwhile, Ragnar's family life is further complicated when Bjorn reveals to Lagertha Ragnar had an affair with Aslaug.

Lagertha is enraged and forces Ragnar to promise he will never see her again. This promise is quickly broken when a very pregnant Aslaug arrives in Kattegat.

Ragnar holds a feast to celebrate their arrival, where he drunkenly offers Lagertha to take Aslaug as a second wife.

Though Aslaug seems on board with the idea, Lagertha is disgusted and leaves the feast. Later she decides to leave Ragnar and asks Bjorn to come with her, but Bjorn chooses to stay with his father.

When Ragnar is informed she left he chases after her and angrily confronts her for leaving. She says she must leave as he has humiliated her, and Bjorn arrives saying he switched his mind and wants to go with her.

Ragnar tearfully bids them goodbye and watches them leave. Four years have passed and a fully recovered Floki has built a new fleet of boats for the expedition west.

Meanwhile, Aslaug has given Ragnar two more sons and is pregnant with a third. King Horik arrives in Kattegat early, stating he was too excited to wait, but his excitement is soon dampened by Jarl Borg's arrival.

The tension between the two is evident, and King Horik informs Ragnar he still does not trust Jarl Borg and does not want to raid west with him.

Ragnar is approached by Rollo, who has fallen into obscurity and disgrace following his betrayal and was urged by Siggy to attempt to become part of Ragnar's inner circle once more.

Rollo asks for forgiveness and permission to participate in the raid west, but Ragnar still harbors doubts.

He says he forgives his brother, but he will not permit Rollo to sail west with him. Jarl Borg takes advantage of this and attempts to lure Rollo back to his side, but Rollo simply punches the Jarl in the face.

With King Horik's forces Ragnar sails west, however, rough waters and storms cause them to lose a few ships and throws them off course.

When they land they are viciously ambushed almost immediately but emerge victoriously. With knowledge Athelstan obtained from a captured Saxon, Ragnar realizes he is not in Northumbria, but in Wessex, a completely different kingdom with a cunning and ambitious king.

Horik and Ragnar's forces sack the monastery at Winchester and gain much treasure but gain the attention of King Ecbert, the ruler of Wessex.

He invites Ragnar to discuss terms and asks why Ragnar hasn't left with his plunder. Ragnar reveals his interest in setting up a Viking colony in England, as he has seen how the soil is much better for crops and can provide a better standard of living for his people.

Ecbert hints that he may be willing to give some land to Ragnar in exchange for Ragnar's service in helping Ecbert carry out his ambitious plans.

Ragnar later returns to the Viking camp and tells Horik and his men Ecbert is interested in discussing terms.

Ragnar's joy at the success of his raid is cut short by news that Jarl Borg has invaded Kattegat in his absence and forced his family into hiding.

Ragnar decides to leave immediately but allows Athelstan to remain behind. Unfortunately in the voyage back Ragnar loses most of his ships and soldiers.

This means that even with the warriors Rollo has recruited, Ragnar does not have enough men to successfully retake Kattegat.

Ragnar later attempts to have sex with Aslaug but she urges him not to as if they do not wait three days the child will be a monster.

Ragnar ignores her prophecy and forces himself onto Aslaug. Ragnar is met with a pleasant surprise after Lagertha and Bjorn arrive with warriors from Hedeby, a land ruled by Lagertha's new husband, Earl Sigvard.

Ragnar is overjoyed to see his adult son but is awkward around his ex-wife. Despite Lagertha's reinforcements, Rollo says they still have too few men to drive Jarl Borg out of Kattegat.

They need to lure him out where they can fight him in battle. Ragnar decides to burn the winter stores of food to force Borg to come to find them.

Ragnar chooses Bjorn to accompany him and together they succeed. Jarl Borg takes the bait and leaves Kattegat to find those who burned his winter stores.

Borg later fights a battle with Lagertha, Ragnar, and their men, and is defeated. Ragnar triumphantly reenters Kattegat with Lagertha, who is cheerfully welcomed by the village, to Aslaug's concern.

Ragnar confesses to the Seer he loves both Aslaug and Lagertha and wants them both and subtly asks Lagertha to stay with him in Kattegat.

Lagertha, however, says she must remain faithful to her new husband and return to Hedeby, but allows Bjorn to remain behind.

Shortly afterwards, King Horik returns from Wessex in defeat, stating that after Ragnar left Ecbert attacked and that Horik and his son were barely able to escape and Athelstan was left behind.

Horik is eager to return to Wessex to get revenge, but with his losses in Wessex and Ragnar's losses in his fight against Jarl Borg, the two have too few men and ships to go west again without a third ally.

Horik asks Ragnar to go back to Jarl Borg and offer him an alliance again, but Aslaug urges Ragnar not to, as Borg forced her and their children to hide in filth and she desires revenge against him.

Ragnar decides to send Rollo, who is now back in Ragnar's inner circle after leading the defense of Kattegat and helping retake it, to Gotaland to talk to Jarl Borg.

Jarl Borg agrees to the alliance and comes to Kattegat with his men. However, Ragnar has Borg's men burned alive and has Jarl Borg beaten and brought before him.

Horik is displeased with Ragnar's decision, as he had urged Ragnar to ally with Borg again and so sees the betrayal as Ragnar ignoring his orders.

Horik's insecurity is furthered when he visits Borg, who tells him that Ragnar may aspire to usurp Horik's throne.

Horik asks Ragnar to hold off on executing Jarl Borg until they find a new ally, as betraying and blood-eagling an ally even a former enemy may dissuade others from joining their alliance.

Ragnar agrees, and when confronted by Rollo about why he keeps making concessions to Horik, simply replies, "He is the king.

With his new ally, any obstacles to the execution of Jarl Borg are gone. In a gruesome and barbaric torchlit ceremony before all of Kattegat's residents, Ragnar inflicts the Blood Eagle on Borg, who suffers his grisly and horrific fate stoically, not crying out, dying like a true Viking and proving himself worthy of Valhalla.

Aslaug's prophecy about bearing Ragnar a monster comes true when she gives birth to a deformed son. Ragnar his legs do not function and he will never walk.

Ragnar urges Aslaug to put the child out of his misery bu she defends him, saying she cannot kill her own child. Ragnar attempts to kill the baby and takes it out into the woods but he finds he cannot harm his own son.

Instead, he leaves him next to the river, where Aslaug rescues him. After deciding to keep the baby Ragnar and Aslaug name him "Ivar the Boneless" for the apparent lack of bones in his legs.

Ragnar, Lagertha, and Horik then decide to sail West again and land back in Wessex. Ragnar sends his friend Torstein to inform Ecbert of their return and Ragnar's desire to discuss terms.

Horik, however, is infuriated as he only wants revenge on Ecbert and sees Ragnar sending Torstein without consulting him as a challenge to his authority.

He forces Ragnar to promise never to do anything without consulting him again, reminding him they are not equal.

When Ecbert sends his son, Aethulwulf, to the Viking camp to arrange a meeting, Horik has his son Erlander ambush and kill the envoys on their way back, sparing only Ecbert's son.

This makes conflict inevitable, and Ragnar is angered Horik ruined his chances of negotiating terms with Ecbert. Horik replies by reiterating his authority in making final decisions, as he is the King and is higher than Ragnar.

When the Viking army marches to confront Ecbert's troops, Ragnar spots a small number of Saxon soldiers in a clearing at the bottom of a series of hills.

Ragnar suspects a trap and urges them to wait, but Horik, blinded by his desire for vengeance and his eagerness to assert his authority over Ragnar, orders an attack.

The resulting battle is an overwhelming Viking defeat, and Ragnar confronts Horik, who refuses to take responsibility for the defeat despite leading the army into a trap.

Ecbert later sends Athelstan, who was captured and reconverted to Christianity and the Saxon way, to convey his desire to discuss terms to the Vikings.

Ragnar, Lagertha, and Horik meet Ecbert, who offers them generous terms. Ragnar and Lagertha eagerly agree, but Horik does so grudgingly.

Ragnar and the Vikings return to Kattegat with Athelstan , where Horik has his family come to celebrate the alliance.

However, Horik's intentions are revealed when he attempts to lure Floki who has apparently become distant and bitter towards Ragnar to his side.

He first has Floki kill Torstein to prove his loyalty, then informs Floki he intends to kill Ragnar and all his family including Bjorn and Lagertha the next day.

When he attempts to capture Ragnar however it is revealed Floki never did kill Torstein and betrayed Horik's entire plan to Ragnar.

Horik, his men, and all his family except his son are killed and Ragnar assumes the title of King, the final shot of the season being Ragnar perched on a cliff looking over his new kingdom.

Ragnar tells Björn that he never wanted to be king, but only to explore and farm. Ragnar decides to sail back to Wessex to claim land for farming as outlined in their treaty.

Ragnar and his Vassals then decide to fight for the restoration of the throne for Mercia for the princess Kwenthrith. In the meantime, Lagertha stays behind in Wessex with Aethelstan and king Ecbert to start constructing their settlement.

Ragnar wins a battle against the Mercians but Torstein's arm is injured. A celebration is held in honor of the victory.

Torstein's left arm becomes gangrenous and he asks Floki to amputate. Kwenthrith asks for the head of her uncle, and Ragnar questions her hatred she admits to having been sexually abused as a child by him and her oldest brother.

Ragnar and his warriors begin climbing the mountain to fight Kwenthrith's brother and his army. Kwenthrith asks Ragnar to spare her brother.

Torstein volunteers to go first to make sure the army is there and dies valiantly. Ragnar and his warriors return to Kattegat, and they learn of Siggy's death.

Ragnar is suspicious about why Aslaug was not watching the children. A messenger arrives to tell Lagertha that her earldom has been usurped by Kalf she asks Ragnar to help her win it back.

Ragnar tells the men that they will raid Paris in the spring. Ragnar returns with Lagertha to speak with Kalf, although he decides not to help fight for Lagertha.

Floki tells Ragnar that Aslaug slept with Harbard and that Harbard is another name for Odin Ragnar does not believe that.

Rollo reveals that Athelstan no longer wears his armring. Floki receives a sign that "blood must be spilled", and kills Athelstan while he is praying.

Ragnar carries Athelstan's body up to the side of the mountain for burial, devastated. Ragnar's Viking fleet, also reinforced by the earl Siegfried arrives in Francia.

Lagertha, Kalf, and Erlendur lead an attack on the city gate meanwhile, Floki, Ragnar, Bjorn, and Rollo try to breach the walls from boats on the river.

Eventually, the defense holds, repelling the Vikings. Ragnar manages to see the city of Paris for a moment but is thrown from the walls he then finds Bjorn badly wounded.

With the Vikings still recovering, Ragnar orders another attack. Led by Rollo, Lagertha, and Kalf, they manage to pass the bridge, but they are once again pushed back.

Siegfried is captured and executed. Ragnar's wounds won't heal, leaving him weak. Trying to restore his leadership, he secretly meets the Franks; although offered gold and silver, Ragnar doesn't accept.

The Franks pay gold and silver to the Vikings, but they show no sign of leaving. Many people are still shocked at Ragnar's christening, and when the badly wounded leader dies, Bjorn is in charge.

The warriors place Ragnar into a wooden coffin and escort it to the gates of Paris, where they meet the Bishop. The coffin is brought inside the Cathedral to be blessed, but Ragnar suddenly jumps out of the coffin alive.

He takes Princess Gisla as a hostage and forces the guards to open the gates, allowing the Vikings to enter the city.

Most of the Vikings then set sail for home, but a small party, led by Rollo, remain. While sailing home Ragnar tells Floki that he knows he is Athelstan's killer.

Ragnar decides to attack Paris again. The real reason for him wanting to attack Paris is because he wants to kill his brother Rollo, who has betrayed everyone by turning to the Franks.

Ragnar's forces are repulsed by Rollo who uses two forts and a chain to prevent the longships from reaching the city.

Ragnar and Floki move the longships over to the other side of the river and attack Paris from behind, but Rollo manages to repulse this attempt with Paris's navy.

Ragnar, after being defeated in Paris, disappears from Kattegat for about ten years. When he returns, his people part the way for him but he feels unwelcome.

He greets his sons then challenges each to put him out of his misery. He challenges anyone to fight him for the kingship.

Ubbe steps forward but Ragnar embraces him. Ragnar meets with all of his sons alone and tells them he is going to return to England and asks if any of them want to join.

Bjorn tells him of his other plans to go to the Mediterranean Sea. None of them want to go, however, he does not extend the invitation to Ivar.

Ragnar starts saying goodbye to people starting with a visit to Floki's. He stays with him. Then before departing, he asks Floki to watch over his family and tells Floki that he loves him.

He then journeys to see Lagertha and expresses deep regret about the failure of the English settlement and of their marriage.

He kisses her goodbye with no regrets. On the trip home, he tries to hang himself but is unsuccessful. Certain scholars in recent years have come to accept at least part of Ragnar's story as based on historical fact.

Although his sons are historical figures, there is no evidence that Ragnar himself ever lived and he seems to be an amalgam of historical figures and literary invention.

In her commentary on Saxo's Gesta Danorum , Davidson notes that Saxo's coverage of Ragnar's legend in book IX of the Gesta appears to be an attempt to consolidate many of the confusing and contradictory events and stories known to the chronicler into the reign of one king, Ragnar.

That is why many acts ascribed to Ragnar in the Gesta can be associated, through other sources, with various figures, some of whom are more historically tenable.

Attempts to reliably associate the legendary Ragnar with one or several of those men have failed because of the difficulty in reconciling the various accounts and their chronology.

But the tradition of a Viking hero named Ragnar or similar who wreaked havoc in mid- 9th-century Europe and who fathered many famous sons is remarkably persistent, and some aspects of it are strengthened by relatively reliable sources, such as Irish historical tradition and, indirectly, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Viking Age Vol. The Viking Age Series. Press of J. Retrieved 1 June Gutenberg Project version , published 13 Dec Retrieved 21 April London: Viking Society for Northern Research, p.

London: Dent, p. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. Ancient Origins. Retrieved 28 April Viking Empires First ed.

Cambridge University Press. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. Viking Empires. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Oxford University Press. Stockholm: Biblioteksböcker, p. Munch , Det norske Folks Historie , Vol.

Christiania: Tonsberg, p. Duckett, Eleanor S University of Michigan. Osprey Publishing. Historical dictionary of the Vikings.

Lanham, Maryland : Scarecrow Press. A History of the Vikings. Oxford University. Dictionary of Wars. The Vikings: Voyagers of Discovery and Plunder.

Illustrated History of the Vikings. Davidson, Hilda Roderick Ellis ed. Translated by Peter Fisher. Cambridge : D. Chapter introduction commentaries.

Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum. Sprague, Martina New York: Hippocrene Books. McTurk, Rory Medium Aevum Monographs. Schlauch, Margaret transl.

New York: American Scandinavian Foundation. Smyth, Alfred P. Scandinavian kings in the British Isles Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Todd, James H. The Sagas of Ragnar Lodbrok. The Troth. Norse paganism and mythology. Deities and other figures. Norse gods Norse giants Norse dwarfs Mythological Norse people, items and places Germanic paganism Heathenry new religious movement.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.

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  1. Entschuldigen Sie, dass ich mich einmische, aber meiner Meinung nach ist dieses Thema schon nicht aktuell.

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