Eine römische Legion war ein selbstständig operierender militärischer Großverband im Römischen Reich, der die meiste Zeit aus 30Soldaten schwerer Infanterie und einer kleinen Abteilung Legionsreiterei mit etwa Mann bestand. Eine römische Legion (lateinisch legio, von legere „lesen“ im Sinne von: „auslesen“, „auswählen“) war ein selbstständig operierender militärischer Großverband. Die folgenden römischen Legionen sind bekannt, haben aber nicht alle zur gleichen Zeit existiert. Die häufige doppelte Nummernvergabe resultiert zum einen. Legion. Die 28 Legionen waren mit jeweils 50Mann zur Zeit des Kaisers Augustus die größte Einheit des römischen Heeres. Sie rekrutierten sich. Die Legionen waren das Rückgrat der römischen Weltmacht. Nicht alleine durch ihre siegreichen Schlachten waren sie für das Römische Reich einer der.
Источник: sfbok30.se Подробнее Standarten der römischen Legionen und des Kaisers. Find this Pin and more on Legion - Signiferi by Feminine. Теги. Die folgenden römischen Legionen sind bekannt, haben aber nicht alle zur gleichen Zeit existiert. Die häufige doppelte Nummernvergabe resultiert zum einen. Die Legionen des Augustus: Der römische Soldat im archäologischen Experiment (Kulturgeschichte der Antiken Welt) | Junkelmann, Marcus | ISBN.
Following Caesar's assassination, Caesar's ally Ventidius Bassus made attempts to recreate the 7th, 8th and 9th legions, but "it is not clear that any of these survived even to the time of Philippi".
After defeating Sextus, they were sent to the province of Macedonia. With Octavian, whom the Senate later titled Augustus , established as sole ruler of the Roman world, the legion was sent to Hispania to take part in the large-scale campaign against the Cantabrians 25—13 BC.
The nickname Hispana "stationed in Hispania" is first found during the reign of Augustus and probably originated at that time.
After this, the legion was probably part of the imperial army in the Rhine borderlands that was campaigning against the Germanic tribes.
In AD 43, the legion most likely participated in the Roman invasion of Britain led by the emperor Claudius and general Aulus Plautius , because they soon appear amongst the provincial garrison.
Around the same year, the legion constructed a fort, Lindum Colonia , at Lincoln. Under the command of Caesius Nasica they put down the first revolt of Venutius between 52 and The Ninth suffered a serious defeat at the Battle of Camulodunum under Quintus Petillius Cerialis in the rebellion of Boudica 61 , when most of the foot-soldiers were killed in a disastrous attempt to relieve the besieged city of Camulodunum Colchester.
Only the cavalry escaped. The legion was later reinforced with legionaries from the Germania provinces.
When Cerialis returned as governor of Britain ten years later, he took command of the Ninth once more in a successful campaign against the Brigantes in 71—72, to subdue north-central Britain.
Around this time they constructed a new fortress at York Eboracum , as shown by finds of tile-stamps from the site.
The Ninth participated in Agricola 's invasion of Caledonia modern Scotland in 82— According to Tacitus, the legion narrowly escaped destruction when the Caledonians beyond the Forth launched a surprise attack at night on their fort.
The Caledonians "burst upon them as they were terrified in their sleep". In desperate hand-to-hand fighting the Caledonians entered the camp, but Agricola was able to send cavalry to relieve the legion.
Seeing the relief force, "the men of the Ninth Legion recovered their spirit, and sure of their safety, fought for glory", pushing back the Caledonians.
The last attested activity of the Ninth in Britain is during the rebuilding in stone of the legionary fortress at York Eboracum in This is recorded in an inscribed stone tablet discovered in Several inscriptions attesting IX Hispana have been found in the site of the legionary fortress on the lower Rhine river at Noviomagus Batavorum Nijmegen , Netherlands.
These include some tile-stamps dated — ; and a silver-plated bronze pendant, found in the s, that was part of a phalera military medal , with "LEG HISP IX" inscribed on the reverse.
The archaeological evidence thus appears to indicate that elements of IX Hispana were present at Noviomagus sometime after when the previous incumbent legion, X Gemina , was transferred to the Danube and that IX was probably replaced by a detachment of legion XXX Ulpia Victrix not long after AD The evidence for the presence of senior officers such as Macer convinced several scholars that the Ninth Legion as a whole was based there between and It has been suggested that the Legio VI Hispana, attested to in a small number of inscriptions dated to the 1st and 2nd centuries and one from the 3rd, was in reality the IX Hispana, probably misspelled by stonemasons.
However, this view has few supporters. The Nijmegen finds, dating to c. The Ninth was apparently no longer in existence after Two lists of the legions survive from this era, one inscribed on a column found in Rome CIL VI and the other a list of legions in existence "today" provided by the contemporary Greco-Roman historian Dio Cassius , writing c.
Both these lists date from after , as both include the 3 Parthica legions founded by Septimius Severus in that year. Both lists provide an identical list of 33 legions.
Neither includes a "IX Hispana". It thus appears that IX Hispana disappeared sometime in the period — The traditional theory is that the Ninth was destroyed in a war on Britain's northern frontier against the indigenous Celtic tribes.
According to the eminent 19th-century German classicist Theodor Mommsen , "under Hadrian there was a terrible catastrophe here, apparently an attack on the fortress of Eboracum [York] and the annihilation of the legion stationed there, the very same Ninth that had fought so unluckily in the Boudican revolt.
Mommsen's thesis was published long before the first traces of IX Hispana were found at Nijmegen. As a result of these, and of inscriptions proving that two senior officers, who were deputy commanders of the Ninth in c.
With the loss of 50, Legionaries sustained during the Third Rangdan Xenocide , the Dark Angels no longer secured primacy over their fellow Legions and had fallen in number and evened this figure.
Once the most numerous and powerful of the Space Marine Legions, conservative estimates placed the Dark Angles Legion at approximately , Legionaries at the beginning of the Great Crusade.
Sadly, their numbers would be depleted and their primacy ended by solar decades of savage warfare, particularly in the wars of the Rangdan Xenocides , one of the most apocalyptic campaigns of the Great Crusade.
They suffered massive casualties holding the line during the Third Rangdan Xenocide; the blood of 50, Space Marines was spent in preventing the destruction of perhaps the entire northern Imperium by the alien menace from the outer darkness.
Exact figures for the martial strength of the Alpha Legion at the outset of the wars of the Horus Heresy are impossible to obtain.
Sources and estimates vary wildly, some making extravagant claims which may both overestimate or undervalue the Alpha Legion's manpower.
Most contemporaneous accounts around the time of the Drop Site Massacre put the Alpha Legion at between , and , Astartes strong, placing it within the middle tier of Legion strengths.
Some theorists have pointed the figure as far lower, somewhere in the 90, range based upon the largest concentration of Alpha Legion forces ever seen in operation in a single theatre.
With hindsight and diligent corroboration however, evidence of multiple simultaneous battle-groups operating in far distant locales suggests a far higher figure than either of these estimates, well into the range of , Legionaries which, if accurate, would make it one of the most formidable Legions in sheer size alone, a factor unguessed by both sides of the interstellar civil war that was to follow.
At the time of the outbreak of the Horus Heresy, the Iron Warriors Legion is estimated to have had an active strength of between , and , Astartes, along with a very substantial war fleet of over a hundred capital class vessels.
More accurate assessment than this is, however, impossible given the considerable portion of sub-deployments and garrisons that were maintained by the Legion scattered across the Imperium and its increasingly isolationist tendencies in the years before the civil war.
It is believed that the Legion had further accelerated its indoctrination and recruiting program, as well as local shipbuilding at Olympia in the lead-up to the rebellion, and so the lower division of these estimates may indeed be erroneous.
Sons of Horus. Heavily engaged on the surface of Istvaan III , it is estimated that some 30, of the Sons of Horus were dead or unaccounted for in the aftermath of that battle.
It is commonly estimated that of all the Legions that had fought at Istvaan III in the purge of the Loyalist faction within their ranks, it had been the World Eaters who had suffered the greatest casualties, with well over 35, World Eaters Legionaries believed to have met their deaths on both sides.
Aside from the many wounded, it is recorded that a number had succumbed entirely during the protracted fighting to an insane bloodlust and had to be forcibly restrained and removed back to the World Eaters fleet for containment.
Imperial Heralds. Exact numbers unknown; approximately , Astartes at the time of the Drop Site Massacre , though following their rebukement at Khur , the XVII Legion had grown to far greater strength than was originally reported.
Revenant Legion. Storm Walkers. In excess of , Astartes at the start of the Horus Heresy. Exact estimates are unknown.
No reliable account exists of the fatalities suffered by the III Legion during the excision of its Loyalist elements on Istvaan III, but it is believed to have been proportionally very high.
The strength of the Imperial Fists was never measured in large numbers. Though not small, their tallies of warriors during the Great Crusade never rose above , Astartes.
At the time of the withdrawal to Terra , the Legion records show that the Temple held the majority of its living warriors, although such a number cannot be taken as accurate.
The vagaries of Warp travel, Astropathic communication and the volume of space across which the Great Crusade was fought means that all that is certain is that this tally is nothing but plausible estimation.
With the conclusion of the bitter fighting on Istvaan III , it is estimated that the XIV Legion had been reduced by well over 25, casualties, counting both the stubborn Terran Loyalists, betrayed to their deaths in the ash-mantled ruins of Istvaan III's Choral City, and Mortarion 's sons of Barbarus whose lives had been spent to purchase their demise.
Estimated total strength of perhaps 80,, Legionaries at the time of the Fall of Prospero in Apocryphal sources state that approximately 1, Traitor Legionaries supposedly survived the massacre by the Space Wolves to escape to the Planet of the Sorcerers in the Eye of Terror.
Total number unknown; approximately 89, Astartes at the end of the Great Crusade. However, other detachments such as the garrison maintained at Geryon Deep and the Castellan of Prometheus ' forces were comprised of about 2, to 3, total Astartes, alongside the full intake of Salamanders Neophytes in training on Prometheus.
When the Raven Guard committed to the Istvaan V drop, they did so in numbers approaching their full strength, just under 80, Legionaries, with all assets, both surface and spaceborne, in attendance.
The Raven Guard were to lose nearly 75, Astartes during the betrayal known as the Istvaan V Drop Site Massacre, and by the end of the ninety-eight solar days that followed, could muster but a fraction of their former strength.
Leaving aside these unknown numbers operating alone in the outer darkness, the Raven Guard barely numbered around 4, effectives, including those despatched to garrison Deliverance.
For the first time in their glorious history the Raven Guard were truly laid low. At the time of the Drop Site Massacre, the Night Lords were estimated to comprise slightly over 90, Legionaries, though others put their number closer to , Astartes.
Following their campaign against the Dark Angels in the Thramas Sector, their numbers had dwindled to an estimated 10, Legionaries.
Missing; body currently resides in stasis aboard The Rock , the Dark Angels' fortress-monastery , unbeknownst to the majority of his gene-sons.
Body formerly possessed by a Greater Daemon of Slaanesh once contained within the Blade of the Laer Fulgrim found on the world of Laeran.
Fulgrim achieved apotheosis during the Horus Heresy and was transformed by the will of his patron deity into a Daemon Prince. Perturabo achieved apotheosis and was transformed by the will of the Dark Gods into a Daemon Prince of Chaos Undivided.
Disappeared into the Webway in pursuit of Dark Eldar raiders. Believed slain during the 1st Black Crusade ; skeletal remains preserved aboard the Phalanx in different chapels.
Also known as the Night Haunter. His death imprinted a psychic scar in the Blood Angels Legion's genetic memory, which is thought to be the cause of visions and afflictions like the Black Rage in carriers of their gene-seed.
Angron achieved apotheosis and was transformed into a Daemon Prince of Khorne by the will of the Blood God; he was recently banished back to the Warp during the First War for Armageddon.
Mortally wounded by Fulgrim at the Battle of Thessala in M31; body kept in stasis in the Temple of Correction on the world of Macragge until M41 when he was resurrected by Belisarius Cawl and the power of Ynnead to lead the Imperium once more against the Archenemy.
Mortarion achieved apotheosis and was transformed into a Daemon Prince of Nurgle. Magnus the Red achieved apotheosis and was transformed into a Daemon Prince of Tzeentch.
Dead; utterly destroyed, mind, body and soul, by the Emperor of Mankind at the climax of the Battle of Terra.
Lorgar achieved apotheosis and was transformed into a Daemon Prince of Chaos Undivided by the will of the Dark Gods; currently resides in "contemplation" upon the Word Bearers' Daemon World of Sicarus in self-imposed isolation, meditating within the Temple Inficioto as he seeks enlightenment and communion with the Ruinous Powers.
The film also was terribly written, "What's your beef? Besides the bad script and erratic editing, the acting was terrible.
Everyone else was uninspired and made the bad screenplay look much more terrible than it was. The action scenes are where this film soared.
The fight between the two Archangels was incredible, and the visual effects were on par. Overall, Legion is a biblical Assault on Precinct It lacks a good script, editing, cinematography, and acting.
I commend it for trying to be less like recent horror films that really shouldn't even call themselves 'films".
I think deep down, on the cutting room floor, there was something there, but we don't see it. Legion is by no means horrible, but I can't recommend it.
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Alternate Versions. Rate This. When a group of strangers at a dusty roadside diner come under attack by demonic forces, their only chance for survival lies with an archangel named Michael, who informs a pregnant waitress that her unborn child is humanity's last hope.
Director: Scott Stewart. Writers: Peter Schink , Scott Stewart. Added to Watchlist. From metacritic. What's New on Prime Video in June.
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Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Paul Bettany Michael Lucas Black